September 11, 1943 at the glass plant in the city of Gus-Khrustal, the faceted glass known to all of us was paid. Traditionally, it is believed that the glass was the brainchild of the famous Soviet sculptor of the faith of Mukhina — it is even often called «Mukhinsky».
In fact, it is not so!
The faceted glass was invented under Peter I known Russian glasswerked Efim Smolin. According to the memories of contemporaries, Efim Smolin presented a glass of the emperor, by saying that the glass of such a form could not be broken. Peter I would not be Peter, if I had not tried to check these words. The emperor drank out of the glass, took and struck him from all his strength about the blocking. The glass crashed to smash, but surprisingly approximate, the emperor was not angry, but shouted:
After that, the glasswear received an order for 10,000 glasses for the army and fleet. Since then, in Russia, faceted glasses were used in all peteed vessels. They received their name from the fact that they were tritely granulated, that is, after smelting, they were round. After that, the thick glass was limited on grinding circles and polished.
Interestingly, the approximate Peter did not hear the words of the emperor — it seemed to them that Peter shouted:
Since then, a tradition has gone to Rus to beat the dishes after the beyon of strong drinks.
In modern design, the glass appeared thanks to the work of an unknown Soviet designer, which Vera Mukhin simply approved — she was the leader of the design group of the Lenigrad Art Glass Plant. It is its signature that stands on a glass design layout. This is the same, based on the study of a huge number of documents, directly said by the leadership of the Museum of Art Glass at Lzhs in St. Petersburg.
Mukhina demanded to alleviate a glass — in the original version he weighed 250 grams (it includes 250 grams of liquid — a total of exactly 0.5 kg). After that, the glass became more elegant, thin, since only 220 grams began to weigh.
A classic faceted glass has 18 faces and in fact do not bope — this is an ordinary stamping. This is done in order to maximize the cost of production, while make it possible to make the product as strong as possible — 4 glasses calmly maintain the weight of a launder zila.
In the USSR, lead oxide was added to the glass masses for the manufacture of glasses, so Soviet glasses were actually … crystallines. Crystalline is a glass containing up to 15% lead oxide, while the crystal contains from 16 to 30% of this substance.
Now the press often slips the version that the glasses were invented in the USA, and in the USSR simply copied the design.